LAKE FUXIAN IN YUNNAN PROVINCE
Also named Chengjiang Hai ("hai" means "lake"), Lake Fuxian is a famous deep fresh water lake in the Yunnan Plateau, the third deepest lake in China.
Lake Fuxian is one of the lakes in the Dianzhong lake group, located in the Chengjiang Basin in central Yunnan,between the three counties of Chengjiang, Jiangchuan and Huaning. Its surface elevation is 1721 m above sea level for its geographic location.
Lake Fuxian is a tectonic lake in a region' of limestone and sandrock. The lake came into being as a result of erosion and depression of a folding fault, mainly of fault solution. Its lathe bed has a big gradient and a smooth shore, surrounded by mountains at all sides. The lake basin is one of the fault lake basins formed during the rising of the Yunnan Plateau in the Tertiary period. Most of the mountains around it .are fault Block erosion mountains at 1,800 to 2,500m above sea level, in echelons, stretching in an N-S alignment. The mountains in the west are higher than those in the east and those in the north higher than those in the south. High peaks include Mount Laohu, Mount Sanlingzi, Mount Sanliangzi, Mount Maobizi and Mount Liangwang. all above 2500 to 2650m.
With crystal clear water, Fuxian Lake is one of the most famous lakes in China. The average depth of the lake is 87 meters (The deepest is 155 meters) and it has a visibility of 7-8 meters. There live more than 20 kinds of fishes in the lake.
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