Population growth rate: 4.98¡ë.
Life expectancy (average): 71 years (1990).
In the province, apart from Han, there are Manchu, Hui, Mongolian, Zhuang, Korean, Miao, and Tujia, totaling 53 minority ethnic groups in all. The population of these ethnic groups accounts for 4 percent of the provincial total. Now, there are six autonomous counties of minority ethnic groups.
In 2000, the coverage rate of the nine-year compulsory education program reached 98.9 percent. There were various schools with a total enrolment of 13.99 million students at different grades. The province has built up a comparatively complete educational system involving fundamental education, vocational and technical education, general higher education, and higher learning courses for adults and secondary education as its principal constituents in addition to kindergartens
GDP growth rate: 8.7 percent.
Average GDP per capita: 7,663 yuan (US$927) in 2000.
GDP ratio (1st, 2nd and tertiary industries): 16.1: 50:33.9
Poverty alleviation plan:
At the end of 2000, there were 2.43 million people in rural areas who still need to be further supported by the local government.
The poverty alleviation and development program is to be worked out and executed under the unified guidance of the provincial government based on the programs submitted by township and county governments. The general goal in the coming 10 years is to relieve those people in poverty-stricken areas, helping them to lead a well-fed and warmly clothed life, and to further consolidate the achievements made in those areas where clothing and food problems have been basically solved, so as to attain the final goal of achieving a stable and comfortable life.
Revenues: 44.87 billion yuan (US$5.43 billion) in 2001.
Industrial added value: 224.67 billion yuan (US$27.18 billion).
The province has established economic and trade relations with 170 countries and regions. The number of the countries and regions to which the products were exported from the province worth more than 10 million yuan (US$1.2 million) has reached 35. Various cities have established friendly relations with 47 cities of 17 foreign countries. Nearly 60 non-trading enterprises have made investment or set up factories in almost 30 countries and regions respectively.
By 2000, the province had utilized progressively a total of US$10 billion of foreign funding; 2,579 foreign funded enterprises have been set up. The foreign invested projects involve energy resource development, communications, telecommunications, raw materials, light and textile industries, machinery, electronics, garments, and farming and sideline product processing as well as service, tourism, city utilities, and real estate and property development. Foreign investors came from about 80 countries and regions, including 26 of the world¡¯s top 500 trans-national firms.
Pillar industries: Chemicals (pharmaceuticals), metallurgy, building materials, machinery and foodstuff
Fifteen trunk lines run through the province. The volume of goods carried by rail ranks first in the country.
There are 17 national artery highways and the volume of goods carried by road ranks second in the country. The expressway network is now 1,009 km long, second in China.
Transport by sea of the province is very convenient. From north to south, there are Qinhuangdao Port, Jingtang Port, Tianjin Port and Huanghua Port which is now under construction. The handling capacity of Qinhuangdao Port is almost 100 million tons a year, the second largest in China. The available handling capacity of Jingtang Port is 6.51 million tons a year.
The Shijiazhuang civil airfield is an international airport approved by the State. So far, 25 air routes have been opened to public service, flying to 32 large and medium-sized cities across the country. Flight services are also available from Shijiazhuang to Hong Kong and to Russia and other states of the CIS. The Qinhuangdao Shanhaiguan airfield now has opened 21 air routes leading to 17 cities across the nation. The capital airport in Beijing and the international airport in Tianjin can be used by the province
Chengde, lying in the northeast of Hebei Province, is close to Beijing, about 230 kilometers (140 miles) away,Chengde, lying in the northeast of Hebei Province, is close to Beijing, about 230 kilometers (140 miles) away, Tianjin, Tangshan and Qinhuangdao. The topography of Chengde is mainly divided into plateau and mountainous regions, including Yanshan, Yinshan and Qilaotushan mountains, as well as the Luanhe, Liaohe, Chaobaihe and Jiyunhe rivers flowing through the city.
Chengde, originally called Rehe was once the summer resort capital of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). It holds rich culture related to this history as well as many historic relics dating as far back as the Neolithic Age in this city. Ethnic groups such as Xiongnu, Xianbei, Qidan, Nvzhen, and Mongolian once led a nomadic existence in this region from the Qin (221BC-206) to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
As one of the first famous historic and cultural cities of the nation, Chengde has plenty of sceneries, with some of them being renowned both at home and abroad. The Mountain Resort and Eight Outer Temples are listed as the world cultural heritage sites, which have contributed towards Chengde being one of famous cities in the world.
Both the internal and the external transportation of Chengde are very well developed and although there is only a small-scale airport, chartered flights flying between Beijing and Chengde will provide you more choices for your journey. In addition, railway and road links can connect you to many cities, such as Tianjin, Shenyang, Baotou, Ulanhot, Liaoning, and Inner Mongolia, etc. City buses provide a fine and integrated transport service; taxis are also a good choice due to their convenience and inexpensiveness.
While traveling in Chengde, you will have the opportunity to taste the unique local dishes and snacks, both of royal and folk flavors due to its historical links. Various hotels, rest houses and leisure places will also provide you with comfort and pleasure during your travels in this wondrous city.
Laurelled as the back garden of Beijing and Tianjin, Qinhuangdao was originally an isolated island, but with the passing of time and through geologicial changes, it has now been connected with the mainland. It is said that when Emperor Qin Shihuang came here on his inspection tour to the east, this is where he sent his attendants to go further east to seek the Elixir of Life. As a result the place was named "Qinhuangdao (Qin Emperor Island)".
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