In 2003, among the 14 cities under the environment monitoring program, the air quality of seven cities met the standard of Grade 2, six cities met the standard of Grade 3, and only one city failed to meet Grade 3 standard. Among the 14 cities under the road noise monitoring program, the cities suffering severe noise pollution accounted for 7.1 percent, or down by 7.1 percentage points over the previous year.
By the end of 2003, there were 20 national eco-demonstration zones in the province. The 81 nature reserves cover a total area of 2.85 million hectares, accounting for 9.7 percent of the total provincial land area.
The year 2003 saw 290,000 births, with a crude birth rate of 6.90 per thousand, and 245,000 deaths, with a crude death rate of 5.83 per thousand. The net growth of population in 2003 was 70,000.
Natural growth rate: 1.07 per thousand in 2003.
The average life expectancy in the province has risen to 72.09 years. The life expectancy of males is 70.55 while females are 73.85 years old.
Liaoning Province has 44 ethnic groups including Han, Manchu, Mongol, Hui, Korean and Xibe. Minority population is 6.55 million, accounting for 16 percent of the province¡¯s total. There are 5 minorities with population exceeding 10,000: Manchu, Mongol, Hui, Korean and Xibe. In addition, the population of the Zhuang, Miao, Tujia, Dawo¡¯er and Yi ethnic groups is also comparatively large.
At the end of 2003, there were 514,000 undergraduates enrolled in 69 general universities, including 164,000 new entrants. A total of 602,000 students studied in 456 senior high schools and 1.81 million students studied in 1,885 junior high schools. The attendance rate of the children of junior high school age was 99.6 percent, up by 0.3 percentage points over the previous year. Pupils enrolled in 11,339 primary schools numbered 2.89 million, including 433,000 new entrants. The attendance rate of primary school-aged children was 99.7 percent, up by 0.3 percentage points over the previous year. There were 8,429 students enrolled in special education schools.
Unemployment rate: 6.7 percent (2003)
Annual GDP growth rate: 11.5%.
GDP per capita: 14,258 yuan.
GDP ratio (1st, 2nd and tertiary industries): 10.4:47.5:42.1
Fiscal revenue: 89.92 billion yuan in 2003, up 19.8 percent over the previous year.
Industrial revenue and growth rate
In 2003, the industrial added value of Liaoning Province reached 251.04 billion yuan, up 11.6 percent.
Agricultural output value: 120 billion yuan in 2003, up 7.1 percent. The sown area of grain was 2.56 million hectares, down by 3.6 percent from the previous year.
In 2003, the total retail sales of consumer goods reached 233.08 billion yuan, up by 12.3 percent over the previous year. At the end of the year, there were 3,243 commodity trading markets in the province. The annual sales volume reached 173.6 billion yuan, down by 3 percent from the previous year.
According to customs statistics, the total export and import volume of the area in 2003 was US$26.56 billion, up by 22.2 percent over the previous year. Exporting destinations of the province expanded to 177 countries and regions. The volume of exports to the United States was US$2.15 billion, up by 18.6 percent over the previous year; that to Hong Kong, US$610 million, up 40.6 percent; that to Japan, US$5.17 billion, up 10.4 percent; that to Korea, US$1.56 billion, up 23.3 percent; and that to Russia, US$170 million, up 27.9 percent.
Foreign capital utilization
In 2002, Liaoning approved a total of 2,328 foreign investment contracts involving a value of US$9.83 billion. The two figures were up by 9.2 percent and 32.2 percent respectively over the previous year. The actually utilized foreign capital amounted to US$5.71 billion, up by 34.2 percent.
Petrochemicals, metallurgy, electronics and machinery are the four pillar industries of Liaoning Province.
The processing capacity of the petrochemical industry is 28 million tons. The main products include gasoline, kerosene, diesel oil, dissolvent oil, paraffin wax and a series of downstream products.
There are over 1,100 metallurgy enterprises, with various kinds of products such as bars, panels, strips, pipes and special steel and metal products.
The province has a highly developed electronics industry. The competitive advantage of six key products, that includes color TV kinescope, color TV, video tape recorder, telecommunication equipment, computer hardware and software, electronic equipment and integrated circuits (IC), took shape and brought up the development of other industries.
Over 1,000 machinery enterprises in Liaoning can produce nearly 20,000 products of 138 kinds. The province can produce heavy-duty mine machinery, petrochemical equipment, power transmission equipment and transformers, metalworking machine tools, ocean vessels and diesel locomotives.
People in poverty and aid programs
The annual per capita disposable income of urban households was 7,241 yuan in 2003, up by 11 percent over the previous year. The per capita net income of rural households was 2,934 yuan, a real increase of 6.7 percent. The Engel coefficients (which refers to the proportion of expenditures on food to the total consumption expenditures of households) were 39.4 percent for urban households and 43.2 percent for rural households.
There were 1.5 million poor in rural areas. A total of 1.596 million urban residents received the minimum income relief from the governments.
The province had over 3,939 kilometers of railway open to traffic at the end of 2003, up by 11 percent over the previous year. The electrified railways totaled 1,050 kilometers in length, rose by 79.8 percent.
Liaoning has a total highway network of 50,095 kilometers, including 1,637 kilometers of expressway.
The province has 6 airports linking over 100 cities with both domestic and foreign countries, and regions, such as Japan, Russia, Republic of Korea (ROK) and Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR).
Shenyang, the largest city in Northeast China, is the political, economic, and cultural center of Liaoning Province. It is also an important industrial base and a famous historical city. As the host city of the 2006 International Horticultural Exposition and venue for the football (soccer) matches of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, Shenyang will soon be the focus of world-wide attention.
Shenyang is located in the central part of Liaoning Province. Its climate is relatively dry most of the year with spikes in precipitation during the summer months due to the influence of monsoons. Temperatures vary as much as 10 degrees Celsius from daytime to night, and in winter they can drop below 0 degrees Celsius, so the smart traveler will plan to dress in layers.
Shenyang is a celebrated old city with more than 2,000 years of history which can be traced back to Warring States Period (476 BC - 221 BC). It is the birthplace of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911), and has many cultural relics which symbolize the prosperity and subsequent decline of China's last feudal dynasty... The most famous of these is the Shenyang Imperial Palace, which is of great historic and artistic significance and second only to the Forbidden City in Beijing in the extent of its preservation Fuling Tomb and Zhaoling Tomb are two other famous imperial structures of the Qing Dynasty.
Among the natural wonders of Shenyang the most impressive and unusual is Strange Slope (Guaipo), an 'anti-gravity' slope more than eighty meters (about 87.5 yards) long. Cars and bikes must accelerate to go down the hill but easily roll upward toward the top. Walkers experience a similar reversal in energy required to walk up and down.
As a significant city in Northeast China with abundant resources, Shenyang has made great efforts to provide good lodging, dining, transportation and recreation for tourists from all over the world. Altogether there are five five-star hotels in Shenyang, and the service and facilities of the other star-rated hotels in the city are all good enough to make you feel at home. In addition, you can find less expensive accommodations at local universities and hostels.
Famous traditional dishes and snacks in Shenyang will definitely make your mouth water. And there are plenty of pubs, KTVs (karaoke bars), cafes, and tea houses available to meet your food and entertainment needs A visit to Shenyang can be both entertaining and relaxing.
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