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Shrub and Ornamental Bamboo
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Price: US$ 27.00
Shrub and Ornamental Bamboo
灌木与观赏竹
Language:  Chinese,Latin name
Author:  Hu Shaoqing
Pub. Date:  2011-01 Weight:   kg ISBN:  9787503862908
Format:  Soft Cover Pages:  320 pages with pictures
Subject:  Botany > Botany: General > Ornamental Plant
Series:   Size:  215*145mm
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灌木是指没有明显的主干,矮小而丛生的木本植物。灌木通常株高3m以下,株高05m以下者为小灌木如紫金牛;茎在草质与木质之间者称为半灌木或亚灌木。常见灌木有连翘、忍冬、小檗、黄杨、铺地柏、月季、杜鹃、牡丹、茉莉等。   灌木在园林景观营造中具有极其重要的作用。它在园林植物群落中属于中间层,起着乔木与地面、建筑物与地面之间的连贯和过渡作用。不同花色和不同株型的灌木,既可单植,又可以群植,以草坪、地被植物为背景,可以克服色彩上的单调感,形成整体景观效果。灌木与乔木树种配置能丰富园林景观的层次感,创造优美的林缘线。低矮的灌木可以用于建筑物的四周、园林小品和雕塑基部作为基础种植,既可遮挡建筑物墙基生硬的建筑材料,又能对建筑物和小品雕塑起到装饰和点缀作用。灌木与人的视线高度接近,是人在园林中最方便接触、观赏到的植物类群。灌木的物候和季相变化明显,最容易引起人们的注意,并使人们在时间上形成韵律和节奏感。   灌木是生态园林中不可缺少的一环,其种类繁多,既有观花也有观叶、观果的,更有花、果,或果、叶兼美者,开花时节灿烂芬芳,秋冬又有果挂枝头,更兼叶色变化丰富,给人以美的享受。花灌木开花时节能吸引蜜蜂、蝴蝶等昆虫飞舞其间,果实成熟时又可招来各种鸟类前来啄食,创造出乌语花香的意境,同时还能提高植物群体的生态效益。






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